N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 260


II. General Court
(Statewide Jurisdiction, Appellate and Original)

B. Law Division

  • 4. Consist of Chief Judge and    -       -    Judges, in the number designated by law  
  • 5. Jurisdiction:     
    • (a) All original inherent jurisdiction, both civil and criminal, heretofore exercised by Supreme Court, except as inconsistent with this Constitution  
    • (b) Prerogative writs may be granted by Judge of Law Division returnable before him, subject to review by Appellate Division  

C. Chancery Division

  • 1. Lawyers of at least ten years' standing  
  • 2. Term of seven years  
  • 3. Legislature to provide retirement system by statute, including age limit  
  • 4. Consist of Chancellor and    -       -    Vice-Chancellors, in number designated by law  
  • 5. Jurisdiction:     
    • (a) All original inherent jurisdiction heretofore exercised by the Court of Chancery and the Prerogative Court, except as inconsistent with this Constitution  
    • (b) Chancellor and each Vice-Chancellor to have power, subject to rules, to exercise in his own name alone, all the powers and functions of the Chancery Division of the General Court  
    • (c) Foreclosure power may be granted to County or inferior courts by act of Legislature  

III. County Courts

  • 1. There shall be a County Court in each of the several counties of this State  
  • 2. Each such Court shall consist of one or more judges, the number of whom shall be established by law, and each of whom shall be a lawyer of this State of at least    -       -    years' standing  
  • 3. Each County Court shall have and exercise within its own county all jurisdiction heretofore exercised by the Court of Oyer and Terminer, Special Sessions, Common Pleas, Orphans' Court, Surrogate's Court, and such other jurisdiction as may be conferred by law  
  • 4. The Legislature may increase, decrease or vary the jurisdiction of the County Courts by statute and may provide for such divisions or parts as the public good may require  


  • 1. Appointment of all specified judicial officers by Governor, with advice and consent of Senate  
  • 2. Impeachment Court to include members of Supreme Court  
  • 3. Judges to devote full time to duties  
  • 4. Removal or retirement of judges by court on the judiciary to be established by Legislature with appropriate constitutional sanction."  

MR. LASHER: Now, there are one or two features that I will point out, the details of which, however, will be developed by Mr. Wurts.

VICE-CHAIRMAN: Mr. Lasher, you might now give us an outline of your court structure.

MR. LASHER: The court structure as it is now proposed, pursuant to the meeting of the Bar Association, has a top court, known as the Supreme Court, because it is the highest court in the system, consisting of six Associate Justices and a Chief Justice. Then,

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