N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 55

in business. I think in the lay mind there is a feeling that we must be careful that in our Constitution we do not restrict any changes in procedure.

I might mention just one thing, if you want to take the time, particularly in connection with indictments. We see cases thrown out of court, criminals let go because of faulty indictments. Just for an example, we have had up in our own neighborhood a man who attempted to have his wife murdered. He hired two people to murder his wife, and the man was finally let go by the Court of Errors and Appeals. The case was thrown out and he was let go because the indictment didn't say that this was done with malicious intent, although he hired two men, he paid them money, he arranged the set-up, but the indictment failed to state that he did this maliciously.

There is another case, where a man drowned his wife in the bathtub, and the Court of Errors and Appeals, after he was convicted without question, said the indictment failed to specify what liquid she was drowned in and therefore the case was thrown out.

VICE-CHAIRMAN: We have new federal rules on procedure in criminal cases, including the items you mention, which rules provide that an indictment may be in short form without any technical charge of maliciousness, etc. On the other hand, you do know that there is a system which is apparent throughout those philosophies, and I think as we go on we'll discuss the wisdom or non-wisdom of these matters.

We have some ladies with us who have patiently been waiting to be heard, so I think we'll get on with the representatives of the League of Women Voters. Mrs. Stuart Henderson.1 The complete proposal of the League of Women Voters regarding the Judicial Article is set out in the Appendix to these Committee Proceedings. It is part of the mimeographed proposal distributed to the delegates by the League, "Constitutional Changes Recommended by the League of Women Voters" (June, 1947).

MRS. STUART HENDERSON: It might be interesting to the Committee to know just what the League of Women Voters is. We are composed of 43 separate leagues scattered throughout the State, not as large, however, as we wish to be. We have been interested in the cause of a new Constitution for many years, and those of you who have followed the history of this series of attempts to change the Constitution are probably aware of the part the League of Women Voters has played, of which we are rather proud. The League of Women Voters today wish to talk to you about the proposals which have been submitted by us as a lay body, in direct contrast to our predecessors, who were talking in terms of technical experts.

We are interested in government because that is our special job. We are interested in government and in what happens to government for the good of the largest number of people. We think that

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