N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 56

there are some rather fundamental principles of government that apply to the Executive, to the Legislative and even to the Judiciary, and we are not sure that they are always considered. Particularly do we realize that our judiciary framework has grown up through long centuries and has, perhaps, not had the opportunity that you as a Committee are having right now in reframing and re-thinking the matter in the light of modern and contemporary problems.

We are particularly concerned with four basic principles. We are concerned, particularly, that every branch of government shall have a unified, integrated system, and I am going to be the person who will present that matter to you. We also think that government, including the Judiciary, functions in direct proportion to the quality of the people who administer it. We think that two of the extremely important parts, about which we would like to talk to you, consist in the question of how judges are selected, and also what can be done in a framework structure which we all know should be as brief as possible, which will help to set a very definite standard of terms and performance, and which will help that personnel as much as possible. We are also inclined to believe that your particular function in framing the Judiciary Article as part of the Constitution is to set up an efficient form of administration - and that, we think, is extremely important for the sake of what is going to come out of our continuing judiciary performance.

I am going to present to you three other people whom I shall call on. We are going to ask Miss Seufert, who is among our membership and who is a practicing attorney, to answer any technical questions which arise.

I have heard it suggested that there was just a bare possibility that we, the people, do not want to change the judiciary set-up. We in the League feel very sure that that is not the right point of view. We feel very certain, after a century and more of experience under the rather complex and quickly arranged Judiciary Article in the 1844 Constitution, that this Committee has a wonderful opportunity to fashion a much improved basic structure for this particular branch of government. I do not know how to prove to you at the present time that the system we are going to introduce to you will be completely satisfactory. A great many attorneys have spoken to me, as have practicing judges, and they have expressed the opinion, in public and in writing for at least 50 or 75 years, that there are improvements which can be made.

I want to point out to you the report of Ralph H. Temple1 Report on the Constitutional Courts of the State of New Jersey. Submitted to the Commission on Revision of the New Jersey Constitution, July, 1942 (Trenton, 1942). which was probably spoken about when Mr. Hannoch presented his report. Certainly a complete reading of that report will convince any person

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