N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 560
courts and empowered to supervise their work. He is authorized to appoint an executive director of the courts to serve at his pleasure. This executive director shall assist the Chief Justice in all matters of the administration and personnel of the courts, publishing annually a statistical record of judicial services prescribing reports and audits for all the courts.
If the Supreme Court fails to hear any case within two months after an appeal is perfected, or fails to decide any case within two months after it has been argued or submitted, the Chief Justice is required to certify that fact to the Governor and the Governor may appoint a special term of the Supreme Court from among the justices of the Superior Court to act until the congestion of cases has been overcome. Under the same conditions the Chief Justice may request the Governor to appoint a special term of the Superior Court for temporary service not to exceed one year.
On December 1st of each year the Chief Justice shall file with the Governor and Legislature a report of the work of the courts for the preceding court year. This public document will be the accounting of the courts to the people of the State.
No effort has been spared to simplify the judicial system, to avoid conflicting judicial duties, to provide a responsible head, to insure the selection of experienced and independent judges, and to provide for speedy trials and prompt appeals.
Section I Judicial Power
1. The judicial power shall be vested in a Supreme Court and a Superior Court, and in inferior courts of original jurisdiction which may from time to time be established, altered and abolished by law. Such inferior courts may be integrated with the Superior Court in any manner and to any extent, not inconsistent with this constitution, as may be provided by law.
2. In all matters in which there is any conflict or variance between equity and common law, equity shall prevail, and subject to rules of the Supreme Court every controversy shall be fully determined by the justice hearing it.
3. The Supreme Court shall sit at the State Capitol and the Superior Court shall sit in each county. The Supreme Court and appellate divisions of the Superior Court shall hold at least ten monthly
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