N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 597



Judicial Officers

Appointments of specially qualified referees to serve in special tribunals (such as Juvenile Courts).

6. Justices and judges of every court shall, at stated times, receive for their services such salary as may be provided by law, which shall not be diminished during the term of their appointment. They shall hold no other position of profit in this state, the United States, nor any instrumentality or political subdivision of either of them. They shall not during their continuance in office engage in the practice of law or other gainful occupation. Any judge or justice, who shall become a candidate for an elective office in this state or the United States shall thereby vacate his judicial office.



1. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall be the administrative head of all the courts, and shall supervise their work. He shall appoint an executive director of the courts to serve at his pleasure. The executive director shall:

  • (1) Assist the Chief Justice in all matters related to the administration, finance and personnel of the courts;  
  • (2) Publish annually a statistical record of the judicial services of all the courts, justices and judges in the State, and of the costs thereof;  
  • (3) Prescribe records, reports and audits for the municipal courts;  
  • (4) Have such other duties as may be delegated by the Chief Justice.  

2. The Supreme Court shall appoint a Court Reporter, a Clerk of the Supreme Court, and a State Clerk of the General Court, with the approval of the Governor, to serve at pleasure of court. The Supreme Court shall prescribe qualifications and duties of these persons, and such others as they deem necessary subject to law.

3. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall annually assign justices of the General Court to divisions, sections or parts thereof and may from time to time, transfer justices from one assignment to another as need appears.

4. Whenever the Supreme Court or any Court fails to hear any case within two months after an appeal therein is perfected or fails to decide any case within two months after it has been argued or submitted, the Chief Justice shall certify that fact to the Governor. At the request of the Chief Justice, the Governor may appoint special judges from the General Court to sit in the Supreme Court or special judges to serve in the General Court from list of candidates presented by the Commission on Judicial Appointments with the consent of the Senate to serve for not more than one year. Such special judges may exercise all the powers of a justice of the court to which they are appointed.

5. On or before December first in each year the Chief Justice shall file with the Governor and the Legislature a report of the work of the courts during the year ending September first next preceding.

(Judicial Schedule of change to follow 1942 Revision suggestion subject to consistency with these Articles.)


The judicial system here recommended provides for two courts, the Supreme Court and the General Court. The title, Supreme Court, follows the nomenclature of most states and of the United States and is designed to be, in truth, the supreme court, the court of highest appeal. It is composed of seven justices. The number is small enough to make possible decisions with reasonable speed and judicial wisdom.

The General Court is designed to replace all present state courts

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