N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 747

SUMMARY OF PROPOSALS FOR REVISION OF JUDICIAL ARTICLE

(Prepared for the Committee on the Judiciary by Joseph Jacobs)

I. The creation of an independent court of appeals comprised of a Chief Justice and associate justices having no other judicial functions.

1942 Constitutional Revision Commission:

The highest court of appeal is called the "Supreme Court." It was to have seven members.

1944 Proposed Constitution:

Ditto.

1947 Recommendations of League of Women Voters:

Ditto, except that the Supreme Court is a part of a "Court of Justice."

State Bar Association Committee:

The court of last resort is called "Court of Appeals." It is to have not more than seven members.

Essex County Bar Association Committee:

A "Court of Appeals" comprised of a Chief Justice and six associate justices is to be the court of last resort.

II. Merger of all existing courts into a single, statewide court having both trial and appellate jurisdiction, the Legislature being empowered to create additional inferior courts.

1942 Constitutional Revision Commission:

Creates a "Superior Court." Inferior courts created by the Legislature must be courts of "original" jurisdiction, that is, trial courts without appellate jurisdiction. The Legislature is given the power to integrate inferior courts with the Superior Court.

1944 Proposed Constitution:

Ditto, except that courts created by the Legislature must have "original limited jurisdiction," which means trial courts, without appellate jurisdiction and some other limitation upon jurisdiction, e. g., subject matter, territory, etc.

1947 Recommendations of League of Women Voters:

The new court is called "General Court" and is a "Court of Justice." The Legislature is given the power to create municipal courts "with jurisdiction over municipal law, from which appeal may be taken to the General Court."

State Bar Association Committee:

The new court is to acquire the present jurisdiction of


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