N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 749


IV. The elimination of fragmentary or multiple litigation of single controversies.

State Bar Association Committee:

Supreme Court, limited as it is to the jurisdiction now exercised by the present state courts, suffices for the purpose).

Essex County Bar Association Committee:

Ditto, except that each section is to be required specifically to exercise the jurisdiction of the other, so that every controversy shall be determined fully by the judge who hears the case.

V. Appointment and tenure of judges.

1942 Constitutional Revision Commission:

All judges to be appointed by the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, except in the case of inferior courts created by the Legislature with jurisdiction limited to one municipality, where another "uniform method of appointment" may be provided. Justices of the highest court of appeals must have served for a year or more on the new merged statewide court and all judges of constitutional courts must have been counsellors-at-law for at least ten years prior to appointment. The Chief Justice and associate justices of the highest appellate court, once appointed, hold office for life. Justices of the new merged court are appointed for a term of seven years, and, if reappointed, hold office for life. All judges must retire at the age of 70. Judges are not merely disqualified from accepting any other governmental office but are also removed upon becoming candidate for any elective office, state or federal. A justice of the new merged court may sit as the judge of any inferior court within the counties to which he is assigned.

1944 Proposed Constitution:

Ditto, except that the qualifications for appointment are changed to ten years as an attorney rather than as a counsellor. Furthermore, appointments to the highest appellate tribunal are not limited to incumbent or former judges of the new merged court. The Legislature, in providing alternative methods of judicial appointment, must specify either election of judges of inferior courts or appointment by the governing body of the county or municipality in which the court functions. Finally, retired judges over the age of 70 may be assigned by the Chief Justice to temporary service as the need arises.

1947 Recommendations of League of Women Voters:

Creates a Commission on Judicial Appointment composed of the Chief Justice, three lawyers selected by the State Bar Association, and three laymen appointed by the

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