N.J. Constitutional Convention: Vol. 4, Page 750


SUMMARY OF PROPOSALS FOR REVISION OF JUDICIAL ARTICLE


V. Appointment and tenure of judges.


1947 Recommendations of League of Women Voters:

Governor. All judges of constitutional courts are to be appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from lists submitted by the commission. Every judge of the highest appellate court must have served three years on the new merged court. The qualification for judicial appointment is ten years' standing as a practicing attorney. The Chief Justice and associate justices of the highest appellate court hold office for life. Other judges are appointed for seven years. Thereafter the commission holds a public hearing on the question of reappointment and may recommend for or against reappointment or submit a panel of names including the incumbent. Judges, once reappointed, hold office for life. The commission may also recommend referees, etc., for appointment by the courts themselves. Judges must retire at the age of 70.

State Bar Association Committee:

No recommendation on the subject.

Essex County Bar Association Committee:

Members of the highest appellate court and the new merged court are to be appointed by the Governor by and with the advice and consent of the Senate for seven-year terms, and, if reappointed, to hold office for life. The qualification is ten years' standing as an attorney-at-law. Retirement is compulsory at the age of 75, but any judge who has acquired tenure may retire at any time after 70 and in that case receive a pension to be fixed by law, but not less than two-thirds of his salary.

VI. Removal of Judges.

1942 Constitutional Revision Commission:

Charges against members of the highest appellate court are to be tried by the Senate and, in the case of all other judges, by the highest appellate court itself.

1944 Proposed Constitution:

Judges may be impeached by the Assembly and tried by the Senate.

1947 Recommendations of League of Women Voters:

Same as 1942 Constitutional Revision Commission.

State Bar Association Committee:

No recommendation on subject.

Essex County Bar Association Committee:

Justices of the highest appellate court may be impeached by the Assembly and tried by the Senate. Conviction requires the vote of two-thirds of the members sitting, 15 to be a quorum, of which not less than 11 must concur. All other judges, except those appointed or elected locally,


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