Author Archives: Leigh Clark

About Leigh Clark

Leigh Clark is the Business & Funding Librarian at the New Jersey State Library Information Center. She regularly assists users with business and funding prospect research. If you have any questions related to business, nonprofits, or grant funding, please contact her at

Introduction to Proposal Writing Recap

Man Writing

Thank you to all who attended our “Introduction to Proposal Writing” class.  During this class, we explored the total grant writing process including planning, researching, writing, and follow up.

We looked at some common questions funders ask grant applicants:

  • What specific need are you addressing?
  • What are you trying to achieve?
  • What is your strategy for making this happen?
  • How will you know if you are successful?
  • Why are you the best organization to do this work?
  • How will this project sustain itself in the long run?

Though the format of a proposal changes from funder to funder, the elements of a proposal stay relatively the same.  They include:

  • Executive Summary – a condensed version of the proposal
  • Statement of Need – the need of your community, backed by statistics
  • Project Description – explaining goals, objectives, methods, evaluation, and sustainability
  • Organization Information
  • Conclusion
  • Budget and Budget Narrative
  • Supporting Materials

For more information, visit the following websites:


NJSL Research Guides – Nonprofit Management:

NJSL Research Guides – Grant Information:

Browse books on grant proposal writing in the New Jersey State Library Catalog.

Couldn’t attend today’s class, watch a recorded version of “Introduction to Proposal Writing” at the following website:

Intro to Fundraising Planning Recap

Hands holding money.

Thank you to Susan Shiroma, Senior Social Sector Librarian at Foundation Center New York, for teaching us about the six basic steps for developing a fundraising plan.  During her presentation, Susan emphasized the importance of developing a case statement to describe why an organization deserves funding.  She also explained that, to ensure sustainability, organizations need to have multiple revenue streams, including earned income.  Class participants received tools to take home that they can use to assess their organization, set goals, and develop a fundraising plan.


For more information about fundraising planning, see the following links:

NJSL’s Nonprofit Management Research Guide –

Into to Fundraising Planning recorded webinar –

GrantSpace Topics: Fundraising –


For fundraising related books, search the NJ State Library online catalog at the following link:–1&menu=search&submenu=subtab24&ts=1537302611589


If you have any questions or would like to set up a one-on-one tutorial on how to use the library’s resources to research funding, please contact me at or 609-278-2640 X 158.

Business Registration & Reporting Business Income Program Recap

Thank you to Solange Pimentel and Tilesha McCall from the Division of Taxation, Taxation University for their very informative presentation on how to register a business and report business income in New Jersey.

Starting a new business can be an overwhelming undertaking.  However, during this presentation Solange broke business registration into three manageable steps specific to the different types of business structures.  Tilesha continued the presentation by clearly defining the steps a business owner needs to take in order to report their income in New Jersey.  Focusing on the specific business goals of the attendees, both presenters emphasized the pros and cons of each type business structure.

Also discussed were organizations where individuals can get further business guidance and mentorship.  These include:

SCORE – Service Corps of Retired Executives –

SBDC – Small Business Development Center (NJ) –

SBA – Small Business Administration –


For more information and resources about starting a business, see the NJ State Library’s Small Business & Entrepreneurship Research Guide:


If you were unable to attend the program today, Taxation University offers this and other classes in libraries across NJ.  For their upcoming schedule, see the link below.


For business related information and research assistance, please contact the NJ State Library Reference Services.

Leigh Clark, Business & Funding Information Librarian – or 609-278-2640