Tag Archives: New Jersey State Library

March 10 author talk: NJ Women in American Politics with Jim DelGiudice

It’s been 100 years since the 19th amendment was ratified and March is Women’s History Month. This is a great time to hear: From Suffrage to the ERA: NJ Women in American Politics with Jim DelGiudice.

Please join us on March 10th from noon to 1 p.m. in the Level 2 Reading Room to hear this lecture, which examines a wide-ranging list of colorful individuals in the social context of their times.  In the beginning of the twentieth century, women were outsiders to the American political scene. Today, they have moved into all aspects of public life. New Jersey pioneers–from Alice Paul to Milicent Fenwick–set the stage for the political success of today’s New Jersey women.

Jim DelGiudice, a lifelong Morris County resident, has used his eyes and voice to document the New Jersey scene for more than half his 56 years. His architectural photography for books published by Rutgers University Press twice won him the state’s Historic Preservation Award, and his plays have been produced by such venues as the Bickford Theatre and Kean University. In the millennium year, Jim was cited by both the state and county legislatures for his lifetime contribution to the arts. He is an adjunct assistant professor at County College of Morris, and also lectures frequently at Drew and Columbia Universities, as well as adult and professional groups around the metropolitan area. Most recently, he served as photo editor for A Lifetime with Shakespeare, published by McFarland & Company.

All are welcome to this free program. RSVP is welcomed. Please RSVP to Cindy at cwarrick@njstatelib.org or 609-278-2640 ext. 172.  For information on New Jersey State Library classes and other events, please visit www.njstatelib.org events.

 

Crafting Circle

NJSL Crafting CirclePlease join us on the 3rd Friday of every month for an informal crafting circle where participants can work on their project in the company of other craft enthusiasts.  Share patterns, tips, and tricks or just enjoy a relaxing hour away from the office or home.  There is no fee to participate and no registration is required.

Crafting Circle

NJSL Crafting CirclePlease join us on the 3rd Friday of every month for an informal crafting circle where participants can work on their project in the company of other craft enthusiasts.  Share patterns, tips, and tricks or just enjoy a relaxing hour away from the office or home.  There is no fee to participate and no registration is required.

Research Sources – Primary, Secondary and Tertiary

Trenton’s annual Patriots Week celebration runs from Thursday, December 26, 2019 through Tuesday, December 31, 2019.  Attendees learn about the events and people from Trenton’s history during the Revolutionary War.

History is a study of the past.  This includes the action of people and the occurrence of events.  What sources do researchers use when writing history?

The New Jersey State Library contains original and copies of historic documents, reports, and maps that represent primary, secondary and tertiary sources. That’s why historians love to use our collection and find it to be so valuable in the work they do.

Primary

Sample list of Hessian soldiers captured at the Battle of Trenton Dec 26, 1776
A transcription of an original list of Hessian Soldiers captured in the Battle of Trenton December 26, 1776.

A primary source is a first person account of an event.  Letters, diaries, photographs, or eyewitness accounts from news reports all give a sense of what occurred at the time of an event and are are key to understanding history. For example, Continental soldiers compiled a list of Hessian soldiers taken prisoner following the Battle of Trenton on December 26, 1776.  A transcriptions of the original document provides primary source information.  The original document includes the name, rank, unit and disposition of each soldier captured. Historians and and genealogists appreciate this very specific level of information.

Letter from George Washington requesting provisions from residents of several states
George Washington’s letter requesting provisions from residents of NJ, PA, DE, MD, and VA.

In 1778 General George Washington wrote an open letter to the residents of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia.  In it, he asks for support in the way of provisions for his troops in order to continue their campaign against the British.  This letter, with its lofty ideals and eloquent reasoning, is a primary source that was published in the New Jersey Gazette on Wednesday March 4, 1778.

General Washington’s letter is juxtaposed with an advertisement in the same Gazette issue calling for the return of an enslaved man named Levi who fled his enslaver.  Here is a primary source providing two very different stories from the same point in history.  Sources like this give historians a lot to discuss and interpret about the different struggles for freedom occurring at the same time. These discussions and interpretations become secondary sources and are key resources for other researchers to use.

Advertisement asking for return of an enslaved person named Levi
Advertisement asking for return of an enslaved person named Levi

 

Secondary

Title page of Stryker's The Battles of Trenton and PrincetonWilliam S. Stryker (b. 1838, d. 1900) researched and wrote about some of the most important historical events pertaining to New Jersey and the Revolutionary war.  He used many primary source documents and included them in the work he compiled.  His commentary and interpretation of the events that occurred in his work titled The Battles of Trenton and Princeton make his original writings secondary sources.  This particular title is priceless to many researchers and history buffs.

Here is an example of the author describing the significance of a correspondence from Colonel Joseph Reed to Colonel von Donop, followed by the text of the original correspondence.

Correspondence from Colonel Joseph Reed to Colonel von Donop
Correspondence from Colonel Joseph Reed to Colonel von Donop

Tertiary

Encyclopedia of New Jersey entry about the Battles of Trenton
Encyclopedia of New Jersey entry about the Battles of Trenton

Finally, a tertiary source is one that distills the information from various sources to give a broad overview of a topic.  Examples of tertiary sources include encyclopedias, handbooks, and textbooks.  Encyclopedia of New Jersey includes an article that provides an overview of the Battle of Trenton.  This information is compiled from various secondary sources.

 

 

 

Join us!

As part of Patriot’s week, on December 26th the State Library will be hosting author William ‘Larry’ Kidder to discuss his book, Ten Crucial Days: Washington’s Vision for Victory Unfolds.  This program will be from 12 pm to 1pm on in the Level 2 Reading Room of the State Library.

Crafting Circle

NJSL Crafting CirclePlease join us on the 3rd Friday of every month for an informal crafting circle where participants can work on their project in the company of other craft enthusiasts.  Share patterns, tips, and tricks or just enjoy a relaxing hour away from the office or home.  There is no fee to participate and no registration is required.

Crafting Circle

NJSL Crafting CirclePlease join us on the 3rd Friday of every month for an informal crafting circle where participants can work on their project in the company of other craft enthusiasts.  Share patterns, tips, and tricks or just enjoy a relaxing hour away from the office or home.  There is no fee to participate and no registration is required.

Crafting Circle

NJSL Crafting CirclePlease join us on the 3rd Friday of every month for an informal crafting circle where participants can work on their project in the company of other craft enthusiasts.  Share patterns, tips, and tricks or just enjoy a relaxing hour away from the office or home.  There is no fee to participate and no registration is required.

Crafting Circle

NJSL Crafting CirclePlease join us on the 3rd Friday of every month for an informal crafting circle where participants can work on their project in the company of other craft enthusiasts.  Share patterns, tips, and tricks or just enjoy a relaxing hour away from the office or home.  There is no fee to participate and no registration is required.

September 10- Talk on the 1885 State House Fire

Please join us on Tuesday, September 10 from noon to 1 p.m. in the Level 2 Reading Room of the New Jersey State Library for a talk on The 1885 State House Fire: How Trenton almost lost being New Jersey’s Capital City. New Jersey historian and author, Gordon Bond, will talk about this little known rivalry between Newark and Trenton to be the center of New Jersey’s political life.

On the night of March 20, 1885, a passing police officer noticed flames flickering through the window of the quartermaster General’s office in the State Capitol. Joined by the night watchman, they broke down the doors to discover the northern wing of the building engulfed with the fire continuing to grow. After battling the fire through the cold night, the entire wing was destroyed. After fighting the flames, Trenton found itself fighting to remain the New Jersey Capital as Newark saw an opportunity to seize the prize during the reconstruction.

Gordon Bond is an independent historian, author, and lecturer, and the founder and e-publisher of Garden State Legacy, a free quarterly online magazine of New Jersey history. He is the author of five books on Garden State history with his latest being, Man Failure: The Story of New Jersey’s Deadliest Train Wreck. He is presently working on a book about Thomas Mundy Peterson, the first African-American in the nation to vote under the Fifteenth Amendment.

Bond also runs his own freelance graphic design business. Gordon Bond Designs, and works as an exhibits designer for the Middlesex County Office of Arts and History, Friends of the Abraham Staats House, and the Historical Association of Woodbridge Township. He currently lives with his wife in the Newark area.

All are welcome to this free talk. An RSVP is appreciated. Please respond to Cindy Warrick at cwarrick@njstatelib.org or 609-278-2640 ext. 172. For other information on events and classes at the State Library visit www.njstatelib.org.

 

Crafting Circle

NJSL Crafting CirclePlease join us on the 3rd Friday of every month for an informal crafting circle where participants can work on their project in the company of other craft enthusiasts.  Share patterns, tips, and tricks or just enjoy a relaxing hour away from the office or home.  There is no fee to participate and no registration is required.